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Thailand Practical Information
Travel guides
Thailand Practical Information

Thailand Information

Thailand Practical Information

Official name: Kingdom of Thailand
Capital City: Bangkok
People: 75–85% Thai, 14% Thai Chinese, 12% Others
Religion: Buddhism
Official language: Thai
Official currency: Baht (฿) (THB)
Time zone: GMT +7 hours
International dialing code: +66
Electricity: 220V AC 50 Hz
Driving: left-hand side

There are 55 different nationalities including citizens from Australia, New Zealand, the USA and most of Europe can visit Thailand visa-free for up to 30 days.

Most visitors get a 30 day visa upon arrival at all airports. For those entering via a land border, a 15 day visa is issued. Some countries, including Brazil, South Korea, Argentina, Chile and Peru, will receive a 90 day free visa at all borders. Some nationalities might need a visa in advance.

For longer stays you should apply for a tourist visa from a Thai consulate allowing you stay in the country for up to 60 days. Contact the nearest Thai embassy or consulate to obtain application procedures and determines fees for tourist visa.

The official language in Thailand is Thai, a Tai–Kadai language closely related to Lao, Shan in Myanmar, and numerous smaller languages spoken in an arc from Hainan and Yunnan south to the Chinese border. However, English is spoken everywhere as its unofficial second language, more so in Bangkok and major tourist areas.

Internet access, telephone & post office

Internet access
Wifi is available in most hotels and restaurants, while internet cafés are popular and common in Thailand.

The telephone country code of Thailand is 66 and is used when calling the country from abroad.

Thai land-line phone numbers have nine digits while mobile numbers have ten, and the first digit is always ‘0’ in both types. When dialing a Thai number from overseas, ‘0’ is omitted, but if you’re calling within the country, you must dial the full number with ‘0’.

For 24 hour emergency assistance: call 191

For tourist police: 1155

Post office
The Thailand postal service is reliable and efficient and affordable. Typical provincial post offices are open from 8.00AM – 4.30PM Monday to Friday and from 9.00am to noon on Saturday and Sunday.

Business hour
Banks: 9.30am – 3.30pm, Monday to Friday
Hospitals: 8.00am to 18.00pm, Monday to Friday. For emergency service is available 24 hours. Emergency number: 191
Shops: 10:00am to 10:00pm, all days
Museum & gallery: 9.00am – 4.00pm daily
Post office: 8.00am – 4.30pm, Monday to Friday, and from 9.00am to 1.00pm on Saturday and Sunday.
Restaurants: variable, street-side restaurants often open past midnight, and those in big cities have later closing hours than in the rural provinces.

Public holiday



1 January

New Year's Day

1st day of the Chinese calendar(February)

Chinese New Year

Full moon, 3rd Thai lunar month(February)

Magha Puja

6 April

Chakri Memorial Day

13–15 April

Songkran Festival (Thai New Year)

1 May

Labor Day

5 May

Coronation Day

May, arbitrary date

Royal Ploughing Ceremony and Farmer's Day

Full moon, 6th Thai lunar month (May)


Full moon, 8th Thai lunar month (July)

Asalha Puja

First waning moon, 8th Thai lunar month (July)

Beginning of Vassa

12 August

Queen's Birthday

Full moon day of the eleventh lunar month

Wan Ok Phansa

23 October

Chulalongkorn Day

5 December

King's Birthday

10 December

Constitution Day

31 December

New Year's Eve

The currency of Thailand is the Thai Baht, come in both coin and banknote form. The size of Thai currency increases with value and varies in color.

There are 100 satang in one baht; coins include 25-satang and 50-satang pieces and baht in 1B, 2B, 5B and 10B coins. Older coins have Thai numerals only, while newer coins have Thai and Arabic numerals. The 2B coin is similar in size to the 1B with gold color.

Paper currency is issued in following notes: 20B (green), 50B (blue), 100B (red), 500B (purple) and 1000B (beige).

Tipping is not customary in Thailand but it is appreciated. When it comes to tipping, restaurants often add a service charge to the bill. If not, a 10% to 15% tip is appropriate. Tipping guide is highly recommended.

Health and safety
Thailand is a safe country to visit. Regardless, you should take precautions. When it comes to travel, you are more likely to be ripped off or have a personal possession surreptitiously stolen than you are to be physically harmed. Motorcycle accidents are another common injury.

Health risks and the quality of medical equipment vary depending on where and how you travel in Thailand. In big cities and tourist areas, the medical care is adequate. However, travel further to the remote area can expose you to some health risks and lack of appropriate medical services.

You should arrange your vaccines six to eight weeks before the departure date.

Before you go
Pack any medication in clearly labeled containers and obtain a signed and dated letter from your doctor describing your current health condition, medications and so on. If you have a heart condition, bring a copy of your electrocardiography. Prepare a medical checklist with

Do travel with insurance. Although we will do our best to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip for you, accidents do happen. We advise you to buy travel insurance before your trip. It is a cost effective way of protecting yourself and stuff in case of problems such as cancelled trip, delays, medical emergencies, loss or damage. It gives you peace of mind for your trip as well.
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